Mining Coal, Mounting Costs: The life cycle consequences of coal


Energy is essential to our daily lives, and for the past century and a half we have depended on fossil fuels to produce it. But, from extraction to combustion, coal, oil and natural gas have multiple health, environmental, and economic impacts that are proving costly for society. It is estimated that the life cycle impacts of coal, and the waste stream generated, are costing the U.S. public a third to over one-half a trillion dollars annually.

View The Harvard School of Public Health Center for Health and the Global Environment executive summary on the issue, and learn what you can do to help address this important issue.  More >